Hannibal Crosses the Alps to Invade Rome - A Roman Numerals Mathematics Lesson

Hannibal Alps

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Hannibal Crosses the Alps

In CCXVIII BCE the Carthaginian general Hannibal launched what is considered one of the greatest military feats in history. He and his army invaded Rome from the north by crossing the alps.

Hannibal is believed to have entered the foothills of the Alps with about 50 000 infantry, 9 000 cavalry, 37 elephants, siege engines and pack animals.

Due to extreme cold, land slides, bad weather, hostile tribes and some bad luck the army emerged on Roman soil 15 days later with with about 38 000 soldiers, 8000 cavalry & perhaps 12 elephants.

Whilst there is much argument about the exact route Hannibal's forces took it is estimated that they traveled about 280kms or 173 miles to cross the Alps.

Controversy also exists about where Hannibal's elephants came from? - It is thought that he used the now extinct North African Forest elephant.

Possible Extension:

- Research Hannibal's campaign. List the four most impressive feats of the campaign & why is this military action remembered today?

- What stories can you find about Hannibal's favourite and bravest elephant.

- Record the losses experienced by Hannibal's army in Roman Numerals.


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Roman Numerals

Roman Numerals Lesson

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